A strategically-placed oil-producing state in the Caucasus, Azerbaijan hosted the European Games last year, and despite some of the worst authoritarianism in the ex-Soviet region retains healthy relations with the West.
But for what remains of its independent press and beleaguered opposition, life in the country is much more reminiscent of the “Hunger Games” film and book series than any glitzy sporting event.
Most recently, on April 20, the state prosecutor's office launched a criminal investigation targeting Meydan TV, a dissident media outlet founded by former political prisoner Emin Milli and operating from headquarters in Berlin.
The probe alleges the outlet is guilty of illegal profiteering and large-scale tax evasion according to the lawyer representing it Elchin Sadigov.
#MeydanTV under criminal investigation https://t.co/OjemBr9cXP @OSCE @ReporterOG @PressClubDC @KenRoth #Azerbaijan pic.twitter.com/fiwy95rAZl
— Meydan TV (@MeydanTV) April 20, 2016
A day later, on April 21, the prosecutor's office named 15 individuals in the criminal investigation launched against Meydan TV, some of whom are journalists based in Azerbaijan.
Fifteen #journalists named in criminal investigation of #MeydanTV https://t.co/SP2YTbIPBF @RSF_Europe @S_Zoppellaro @HRHFoundation @fidh_eu
— Ulviyya Ali (@UlviyyaAli) April 21, 2016
While no one has been officially charged, a number of Meydan TV reporters are facing travel bans and have been questioned.
Along with the Azeri service of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (RFE/RL), multimedia Meydan TV is one of the few outlets providing regular coverage of the Azeri rights crackdown from inside the country.
The outlet's founder and leader Emin Milli spoke out against the charges on Meydan TV:
Bir daha bəyan edirik ki, Azərbaycan hökuməti bu cür absurd cinayət işi ilə söz azadlığına, jurnalist fəaliyyətinə əngəl törədir və demokratiya mühitini boğur. Meydan TV rəhbərliyi irəli sürülən ittihamları rədd edir və bundan sonra da fəaliyyətini dayandırmayacaq.
We declare yet again, by opening this absurd criminal investigation the government of Azerbaijan is creating barriers to freedom of speech, and journalism activity, as well as suffocating democratic environment. Meydan TV rejects all the allegations and has no intention to stop its work.
Disclaimer: the author of this post is former English language editor of Meydan TV and a regular contributor to the website.
No let up
Such heavy handed probes into the activities of independent journalists marks a return to normalcy following the release of 14 political prisoners ahead of President Ilham Aliyev's visit to Washington DC to attend the Nuclear and Security Summit.
Aliyev inherited the presidential throne from former communist boss and father Heydar, and has shown even less regard for freedom of expression and other basic human rights.
As the country's economy suffers under the strain of low oil prices, the regime has looked ever more like the brutal game designers envisioned by American author Suzanne Collins, and later turned into a series of popular films.
Meydan journalists have faced scaled-up persecution since 2014 — the year when global prices for Azerbaijan's main export shrank by half — with detentions, impromptu tax inspections, and other forms of harassment in the last two years.
According to the Index on Censorship's senior advocacy officer Melody Patry:
Meydan TV and its staff have been ruthlessly targeted by Azerbaijani authorities. The charges invoked against Meydan TV are of similar nature to the charges that were used to send [other] journalists and government critics to prison. This investigation confirms the government has no intention of changing its approach toward independent media and free expression in the country.
The 5th colon continues its “duty” and supports tts “members” “professionally”.
Meydan TV should be more professional and responsible, contribute to the development of Azerbaijani society and solutions of National issues. (pay attention I said national not governmental). I’ll give just one example: Because of antipathy of Meydan TV to Azerbaijani government they started to publish fake facts about 4 days war broke out between Azerbaijan and Armenia. That is the proof of their tendentious attitude. I can imagine what else they can do in order to achieve their goal-to denigrate government.
Azerbaijan has so far attained great achievements in fundamental human rights and freedoms as well as freedoms of expression and opinion within a short time that seems just unreachable for one post soviet country. Only persons like Arzu Geybulla will never appreciate it. She is spreading only biased and non-objective information as a part of an anti-Azerbaijani campaign carried out by certain circles.