Threats of violence, gang rape, and physical attacks are making news in India, after a 20-year-old student activist from New Delhi's Lady Shri Ram college launched the #StudentsAgainstABVP protest .
Gurmehar Kaur  started the campaign after a recent altercation  between protesters and the right-wing student group Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad  (ABVP), which has ties to Hindu nationalist organizations.
On Feb. 21, a conference titled “Culture of Protest” was scheduled to take place at Delhi's Ramjas college. The event was supposed to feature comments by activists Umar Khalid and Shehla Rashid, both known for supporting the “Free Kashmir” movement, but the speeches were canceled in response to major protests  by members of the right-wing student group ABVP, who vandalized the college in retaliation for inviting to campus a man accused of sedition in 2016 .
After ABVP's demonstrations, students, teachers, journalists, and activists staged a counter-rally in support of the invitations to Khalid and Rashid. Things got violent when ABVP members showed up and started fighting with demonstrators. According to reports, several activists were injured, and some women were threatened with rape.
In protest, Gurmehar Kaur posted a photo with the following message  on Facebook on Feb. 22:
“I am a student from Delhi University. I am not afraid of ABVP. I am not alone. Every student of India is with me. #StudentsAgainstABVP”
She also wrote :
The brutal attack on innocent students by ABVP is very disturbing and should be stopped. It was not an attack on protestors, but an attack on every notion of democracy that is held dear in ever Indian's heart. It is an attack on ideals, morals, freedom and rights of every person born to this nation. The stones that you pelt hit our bodies, but fail to bruise our ideas.
This profile picture is my way of protesting against the tyranny of fear. If you are a student in any Indian university, in any Indian state and you wish to protest against ABVP then take a similar selfie and make it your profile picture. Use the hashtag #StudentsAgainstABVP and copy paste this message along with it.
It's time for every student of India to unite! Jai Hind! Jai Democracy!
— Laraib Ahmad Neyazi (@LaraibNeyazi) February 23, 2017 
— NSUI (@nsui) February 23, 2017 
— Sideeque (@iamsideeque) February 27, 2017 
— Yuvraj Singh Chauhan (@iYuvrajChauhan) February 27, 2017 
Supporters praised Kaur's initiative:
— Shravan (@Shravz) February 27, 2017 
Kaur hasn't won over everyone, of course, and some Internet users are adapting her hashtag to convey the opposite message:
— Diksha Verma (@DikshaaVerma) February 24, 2017 
Kaur has come under fire for saying in the video, “My mother held me back and made me understand that Pakistan did not kill my dad, war killed him.”
Internet users like Anand Ranganathan have defended her against what they call attacks by trolls:
— Anand Ranganathan (@ARanganathan72) February 26, 2017 
A simple protest turned political
Indian Home Minister Kiren Rijiju is the latest to join in the controversy, asking on Twitter about Kaur, “Who's polluting this young girl's mind?”
Who's polluting this young girl's mind? A strong Arm Force prevents a war. India never attacked anyone but a weak India was always invaded. https://t.co/gXHkAGi9sh 
— Kiren Rijiju (@KirenRijiju) February 27, 2017 
Another lawmaker from the ruling BJP, Pratap Simha, compared Kaur to the terrorist Dawood Ibrahim.
— Pratap Simha (@mepratap) February 26, 2017 
Kaur's supporters counter that she has a right to free speech, which they argue has “deteriorated” lately in India, thanks to state officials and right-wing activists who they say are too quick to slap a “sedition” label on all political dissent.
So, @mehartweets  welcome to measuring the effectiveness of your public message in bulk hate messages. Bullies panic when confronted.
— Nastik Vidyut (@Vidyut) February 26, 2017 
Don't call me a Martyrs daughter if that bothers you. I never claimed anything otherwise. You can call me Gurmehar.
— Gurmehar Kaur (@mehartweets) February 26, 2017 
— Anna MM Vetticad (@annavetticad) February 26, 2017 
— SamSays (@samjawed65) February 26, 2017 
Kaur Gets More Threats
Kaur has received rape and death threats  on social media from individuals calling her an “anti-national” agent. She filed a complaint  on Feb. 27 with the Delhi Commission for Women, identifying several Twitter accounts  that have been threatening her.
Why is it that ‘nationalists’ routinely resort to rape threats when confronted? https://t.co/kwKFzyKMIS 
— Rohini Singh (@Rohinisgh_ET) February 26, 2017 
Aakar Patel, head of Amnesty International India, said in a statement :
The events at Ramjas College are a shameful reminder of how intimidation and threats continue to restrict free speech on university campuses.