Global Voices Advocacy's Netizen Report offers an international snapshot of challenges, victories, and emerging trends in Internet rights around the world.
It has been one year since Ethiopian authorities arrested nine bloggers and journalists in association with the Zone9 blogging collective, a group of recent university graduates who wrote about political challenges in their country and worked to help Ethiopians understand their constitutional rights. The government’s case against the bloggers, who were charged under the Anti-Terrorism Proclamation, focuses on their use of secure communications tools and online platforms in what the government called an attempt to “overthrow, modify or suspend the Federal or State Constitution by violence, threats or conspiracy.”
Ethiopia has a mandate (and large amounts of aid money) from the United States and other Western governments to maintain a security stronghold in the Horn of Africa, where the threat of violent extremist groups such as Al-Shabaab is a persistent concern. But apart from countering these threats, the Ethiopian government has also used this scenario as a justification for punishing its most vocal critics, among them journalists like Eskinder Nega, Reeyot Alemu, and the Zone9 bloggers.
Although they have been behind bars since last April, the Zone9 bloggers’ voices have not been quelled: With the help of friends, they have smuggled out multiple accounts of their experiences in prison. Last week, The Guardian published a letter from Zone9 blogger Natnael Feleke addressed to Secretary of State John Kerry, whom he met at a student forum prior to his arrest. Feleke, an economics student at Addis Ababa University, writes:
To be honest with you, how much time I will be spending in prison is not the most pressing issue on my mind right now…. It is not that I don't appreciate the earnest assistance being forwarded to the development process in my country. It is just that I strongly believe effective monitoring of such assistance can only be employed where there is a government accountable to its people. It is ironic that the world's top recipient of development assistance is without effective monitoring and accountability.…
I understand the difficulty you face in striking a balance between maintaining security and stability and promoting democratization in your foreign policy….As US national interests are built on core values of liberty and democracy, I have hope and confidence that you will adopt a new stance that forges a clearer relationship between any form of assistance and the democratization process.
Natnael’s original letter can be read on Global Voices. Global Voices writers and advocates from Azerbaijan, Croatia, Cuba, Iran, Kenya, Mexico, and beyond have also created a video to mark the anniversary of the bloggers’ arrest:
#FreeZone9bloggers from Global Voices on Vimeo.
Signals drop as Guatemalans call for president’s resignation
Tens of thousands of Guatemalans demonstrated in the nation’s capital last Saturday demanding the resignation of President Otto Perez Molina and Vice President Roxana Baldetti, in the wake of a massive corruption scandal that allegedly involved Baldetti’s secretary. Multiple protesters posted photos of strange devices set up around the capital, which several local sources say are high-resolution cameras used to monitor the protests. Mobile phone signals were blocked, preventing protesters from communicating over social media. It remains unclear whether the outage was a strategic move to diminish their efforts or merely a system overload.
US Congress may finally adopt “Aaron’s Law”
US Senators re-introduced a bill seeking to amend the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act, which has been widely criticized for undercutting protections for access to information. Open knowledge activist and former MIT student Aaron Swartz was charged with 13 felonies under the law for alleged unauthorized downloading of academic articles from the database JSTOR. He committed suicide at the age of 26, while facing possible incarceration after both JSTOR and MIT refused to pursue civil litigation against him. Dubbed Aaron’s Law in Schwartz’ memory, the bill would prevent prosecutors from charging defendants twice for the same crime or from using the law to prosecute terms of service violations. Aaron’s Law was previously introduced to the Senate but died in committee, due to multiple factors including lobbying by software industry leaders opposed to the revisions.
Angolan journalist faces criminal charges for “blood diamonds” investigation
Angolan journalist Rafael Marques de Morais is currently on trial under multiple charges of criminal defamation for his work uncovering human rights abuses committed in association with diamond mining operations in Angola. A prolific political journalist and commentator, Marques de Morais wrote for various Portuguese-language media in Africa and The Guardian. He also ran his own investigative news site, Maka Angola. Marques de Morais was awarded the Index on Censorship Freedom of Expression Award for Journalism for 2014.
Vietnam’s social networks are lively, despite strict Internet laws
According to a report by pro-democracy party Viet Tan, Vietnamese netizens are increasingly turning to social networks to express their views on social and political issues, despite stringent restrictions on free expression in the country.
- Attacks on the Press, 2015 Edition – Committee to Protect Journalists
Ellery Roberts Biddle, Lisa Ferguson, Weiping Li, Hae-in Lim and Sarah Myers West contributed to this report.